Question 1

The United Nations’ “Sustainable Development Summit” was held in September, 2015. It was in this meeting where the world leaders adopted the 2030 objectives for the Sustainable Development. The developments included 17 “Sustainable Development Goals” (SDGs). Among the objectives of the summit include poverty eradication, fighting injustice and inequality and tackling the global climate change (The United Nations, 2016). This was to be done no later than 2030.

SDGs are also referred to as the Global Goals. They are a constituent of the “Millennium Development Goals.” The millennium goals consisted of the antipoverty objectives that the world leaders were to accomplish by 2015. MDGs was established in 2000 and was focused on various issues among them slashing hunger, poverty, disease and the access to sanitation and water (The United Nations, 2016).

SDGs has made a robust progress that indicate the values of a unified agenda, which are underpinned by targets and goals (Kemp et al., 2015). However, despite the success, poverty has not been ended to all victims. The broader agenda of sustainability and the SDGs have gone much further in progress than the MDGs. For instance, they address the broader origin and root causes of hunger and the global innovations that functions well to all people (Kemp et al., 2015).

Helen Clark; the UNDP administrator once noted that the agreement marked a significant milestone that placed the world on a sustainable and inclusive course. Additionally, she further noted that if individuals worked together, the chances of meeting the aspirations for prosperity, peace and the preservation of the plane would be a dream come true (The United Nations, 2016).

Question 2

As mentioned earlier, there are 17 goals and targets that had been set aside by the SDGs. One of the most significant goals is the eradication of poverty. Many people are victims across the globe and therefore, effective ways must be put forth to counter and find the most convenient ways in which it can be formally eradicated.

Since 1990, as a target, the extreme poverty cases have been reduced to almost a double digit (Hawkes & Popkin, 2015). However, despite this being a progress, research indicates that two in ten people in countries that are still developing live in poverty. Their average spending per day is less than $1.25(Hawkes & Popkin, 2015). Additionally, there are many people who even make less than that money for their survival. This clearly indicate that many people are still redirected towards poverty.

There are two significant facts regarding poverty as one of the goals set aside by SDGs. One of the fact has been explained above. It indicates that high cases of poverty are paramount in fragile, small and conflict-affected regions and countries of the word. A good example is Somalia where there is a continuous war. War is propagated by conflicts, which is one of the major contributors of poverty in Africa (Hawkes & Popkin, 2015).

Another significant fact regarding poverty is that it leads to malnutrition. Children fed under foods that lack adequate diet risks retarded growths. Retarded growths may feature in various forms. For instance, two in eighth children below the age of five across the globe have inadequate heights for their ages.

Question 3

In the United States, the Supreme Court reignited the heated debate over the health care reform by upholding President Obama’s plan. This significantly drew attention to the involvement of the federal government in the management of the healthcare sector. However, in Israel, the Rubicon was crossed a long time ago. The Israeli government chose its healthcare system based on the European style and model. The role of the government is central because it’s the regulator and funder.

The accessibility to doctors on regular occasions is one of the most significant merits the Israeli government offers to its citizens. This kind of health care system is referred to socialist. This is in contrary to the private system like that of the United States. However, a study conducted in 2010 indicates that the two systems do not have an accurate reflection of their nature (Guttman & Jeffay, 2016). For instance, both the United States and Israel have a mix of both public and private health care system plans.

In Israel, the healthcare provisions is propagated through non-profit health care organizations. More precisely, six months prior to the establishment of the Jewish state in 1948, HMO had insured 53% of the entire population (Guttman & Jeffay, 2016). This saw Israel increase its financial assistance and contributions to HMO and this made membership more affordable. In 1973, a policy was passed and employers were now forced to pay the contributions of the employees.

Finally, individuals having supplementary insurance are eligible to choose their preferred doctor for medical consultations. Additionally, they were also legible to have an access to extra evening and afternoon clinics that others did not. In this case, securing appointments was quicker. Well rated doctors were also in high demand by the patients who had supplementary insurance while other found it difficult to even see them. Another advantage of medical system in Israel is that the supplementary medical insurance also offers easy access to certain significant drugs that are not included in the patients’ health basket.


Guttman, N. and Jeffay, N. (2016). Israel’s Health Care Outpaces U.S. Retrieved on (Aug. 29, 2016). From http://forward.com/news/israel/158550/israels-health-care-outpaces-us/

Hawkes, C., & Popkin, B. M. (2015). Can the sustainable development goals reduce the burden of nutrition-related non-communicable diseases without truly addressing major food system reforms? BMC medicine, 13(1), 143.

Kemp, S., Kendal, J., Warren, A., Wright, L., Canning, J., Grace, M., & Saunders, C. (2015). Global Consensus Is a Dream, but Twitter Is Real: Simulating a Sustainable Development Goals Summit Through Interdisciplinary Classroom Politics and Negotiation by Social Media. In Integrative Approaches to Sustainable Development at University Level (pp. 551-566). New York, NY: Springer International Publishing.

The United Nations. (2016). Sustainable Development Goals. Retrieved on (Sep. 29, 2016). From http://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/sustainable-development-goals/